How Tuckpointing Helps.
The reason for re-pointing is that mortar lasts roughly between 25-50 years while brick lasts approximately 100+ years. Over a buildings life, foundations settle, caulking becomes dry and brittle, mortar joints crack or deteriorate and water finds it’s way into the masonry and beyond.
Masonry Repair Solutions
Have you seen a building with the brick falling off? How about many cracks on the veneer at the exterior? One item in the masonry tool bag that seems to be getting more popular as our buildings age, are helical wall tie anchors.
Concrete Masonry Units
We sometimes forget about the flexibility of concrete masonry is and how efficient it is for construction. In many cases concrete masonry units are the back-up or the support system for a structure and they are unseen, hidden from view.
Brick…Paint or Don’t Paint?
Brick is usually selected for its’ color or finish. The color is typically throughout the clay unit. Brick is painted to usually increase light reflection and for decorative purposes. If you choose to paint brick, it will most likely have to be repainted every three to five years, per the manufacturers of paint.
Masonry Cracking Up
This type of crack happens due to the lack of expansion joints in the length of the brick wall. The bricks have expanded horizontally above the head of the window, as brick are predicted to do and this type of crack occurs.
Masonry and Efflorescence
As buildings in Chicago experience the harsh elements of winter and below zero temperatures with multiple freezing and thawing cycles, we sometimes see what looks like snow on face brick or concrete block. This is called efflorescence.
What good is a Parapetto?
The parapet is where the masonry wall transitions from being an insulated masonry wall to an uninsulated masonry wall. Additionally, the wall is subject to moisture penetration on both sides now, typically, unless this is a veneer and with no heat from the structure it protects.
A pattern bond refers to the pattern formed by the masonry units and mortar joints on the face of a wall. The pattern may result from the structural bond, or may be purely decorative and unrelated to the structural bond.
Weeps – How the water gets out.
The masonry code describes water issues as “Water will penetrate the veneer and the wall system should be designed, detailed and constructed to prevent water penetration into the building” (see TMS 402.12.1.2) Flashing and weeps are used to allow water to exit the masonry wall.